Mongolia Travel Information and Advice | Pyala Travel

Mongolia Travel advice, information and traveltips to enhance your travelexperience to Mongolia.

About Mongolia

Mongolia Travel Information | Mongolia Country Information

Because of the eternal blue dome hanging over endless steppes, from ancient times Mongols have referred to their motherland as "Blue Mongolia." Even nowadays, old women will splash into the air at the morning dawn a bit of freshly brewed tea with milk as an offering to the Blue Sky and the Mother Nature. About 40 percent of the population continue to live traditional nomadic lifestyle tending more than 34 million livestock. However, at heart, every Mongolian is a nomad. Animal husbandry remains a backbone of the national economy, providing 20 percent of the world's cashmere production.  The nomads' life has changed very little since the old days, and Mongolia remains one of the last refuges of pastoral nomadism, preserving and continuing the traditional cultural heritage of the many nomadic nations that once flourished on the present day territory of Mongolia.

Geography of Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in Northern Asia, strategically located between China and Russia.
The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief.  Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. The Huiten Peak in extreme western Mongolia on the Chinese border is the highest point (4,374 meters). The lowest is 518 meters, an otherwise undistinguished spot in the eastern Mongolian plain. The country has an average elevation of 1,580 meters. The landscape includes one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes (Lake Khuvsgul), many salt lakes, marshes, sand dunes, rolling grasslands, alpine forests, and permanent mountain glaciers. Mongolia measures 2392 km from west to east and 1259 km north to south. Total border line is 8158 km and bordering with China 4677 km and with Russia 3543 km. The country lies between latitude 42° and 52°N and longitude 87° and 119°E. The huge landmass of Mongolia is situated on the Central Asian plateau at the headwater of the river systems of Siberia and the Arctic, China and the Pacific, and the closed systems of Central Asia. Like the rest of the Central Asian plateau it has a highly distinct set of geographical features. Essentially these springs from the fact that is an ancient dry land with an average elevation of 1580m.  

Mongolian total territory is divided into 4 main zones by geography

Snow-capped mountain ranges - WESTERN MONGOLIA   
Semi-desert Gobi - SOUTERN MONGOLIA
Forested slopes - NORTHERN MONGOLIA    
Open high-plateau steppe land - EASTERN MONGOLIA

Central Mongolia

Most recommended tour destination places - nature landscapes, national parks, historical sites, ancient ruins, burial monuments, monasteries and religious places are located in territory of Central Mongolia, that makes Central Mongolia absolutely highlight destination route for traveling through Mongolia.
There is Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape, the one of the most important cultural regions in the world and was recognized by the UNESCO World Heritage as a cultural landscape in 2004.The extensive area encompasses the pastureland on both banks of the Orkhon river and includes numerous archaeological sites dating back to the 6th century. The valley includes, Erdene Zuu Monastery, ancient capital Kharkhorin, Orkhon Waterfall, Tuvkhun Monastery, Tsenkher Hot Spa, Hushuu Tsaidam Memorial, Khorgo Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake National Park and many more interesting places are awaits you to come and visit there!
Western Mongolia

Scenic mountainous region of western Mongolian territory includes Zavkhan, Gobi-Altai, Khovd, Uvs, Bayan-Ulgii provinces.The most remote region of the country, that includes many National Parks, Strictly Protected areas, Nature Reserves, Nature Monuments, also home to the highest mountain Altai Mountain Range, Khuiten peak(4374 m), biggest saltwater lake Uvs Lake Basin (inscribed in "UNESCO World heritage sites" in 2003) and many smaller lakes, mountains, rivers, forests, and steppe.
Spread throughout the region are countless archeological sites with ancient petroglyphs, cave paintings, standing stone monuments, monasteries, and ancient forts that date back as far as 10,000 years.
Northern Mongolia

The Northern Mongolia is the taiga region that is the southern end of the Siberian Great Taiga Wilderness.Home of snow capped mountains, rich wildlife, many fresh water lakes, that includes beautiful Khuvsgul Lake National Park and many big rivers and lakes - true heaven for fishing anglers, the Reindeer herder-Darkhad Ethnic Tribe, many historical sites and burial monuments, breathtaking scenery of wild nature, it's too good reason to pack up and get on board.
Great adventure destination Northern Mongolia is so unique place to visit when you come to Mongolia for lifetime memory, you will never forget.
Southern Mongolia

Southern Mongolia means, Legendary Mongolian Gobi Desert.The Gobi landscape tells ancient story, that comes from the time of dinosaur era and more beyond.Scientists and travelers discover rich findings of dinosaur skeletons, bones and fossilized dinosaur eggs all the time in an ancient sea bed Mongolian Gobi. 
Desert means lifeless place to someone else, but definitely not in Mongolian Gobi.There is unbelievable wildlife thrives and many of them so rare, specially Wild Bactrian camel, Mongolian gazelle, saiga antelope, black tailed gazelle, argal wild sheep, ibex, snow leopard, Asiatic wild ass and the rarest one is Gobi bear are already placed in world endangered rare species list.
Eastern Mongolia

Untouched, unexplored and mysterious travel destination of Eastern Mongolia is the Birthplace of Great Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan), who ruled the world in XIII century. The land of well respected high mountains, taiga forests, wide open steppe-grassland, many rivers, lakes, all places are written in world history of XIII century.  Genghis Khan is the greatest leader in human history, no one of empires reached the Great Mongolian Empire, he established and ruled in the world.Most inspirational way of traveling in Eastern Mongolia is exploring through historical routes of Genghis Khan.