Day 3. Shymkent city - Otrar settlements – Turkestan town – Shymkent city. (420 km).
Breakfast at the hotel. Departure to Otrar Region.
Sightseeing at Local History Museum "Otyrar", Arystan-
Bab Mausoleum (teacher and spiritual mentor of Khoja
Ahmed Yasawi), and archaeological site of the ancient
settlement of Otrar.
Otrar is the city where medieval philosopher and scientist Al-Farabi was born and lived. Otrar
settlement was founded in IV century BC. This center of trade and craftsmanship was the main point of
the caravan routes between Eastern Europe and China. In the late XIII century Mongolian troops
razed the city to the ground. But, despite the catastrophic devastation, Otrar risen from the ashes and
in a relatively short time economically developed. The remains of the citadel and other large buildings,
as well as the main gate and rabad, covering an area of about 10 square kilometers, have survived to
the present days.
Transfer to Turkestan. Sightseeing at "Azret-Sultan" historical and architectural complex, Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, Turkestan ancient settlement, Necropolis, a fragment of the fortress wall,
citadel with gates, Hammam, Hilvet underground mosque.
Turkestan was founded around 500 AD at the crossroads of
caravan routes from Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva in
northern Kazakhstan. The city was known as the spiritual and
political center of the Turkic-speaking people in the XVI-XVIII
centuries, and was the capital of the Kazakh Khanate.
Turkestan has gained wide international reputation due to
preaching activity of the famous Sufi sheikh and philosopher
Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, who was buried in a small mausoleum
here in 1166.
Transfer to Shymkent (170 km). Accommodation in a hotel. Rest.