Bangladesh, one of the Last Discoveries
Bangladesh Travel Information | Bangladesh Country Information
Bangladesh, a country on the northern coast of the Bay of
Bengal, is surrounded by India,
with a small common border with Myanmar
in the southeast. The country is a low-lying riverine land traversed by the
many branches and tributaries of the Ganges and Brahmaputra
rivers. Traveling in Bangladesh
offers you unusual experiences of discovery.
earliest reference to the region was to a kingdom called Vanga, or Banga (1000
B.C.). Buddhists ruled for centuries, but by the 10th century Bengal
was primarily Hindu. In 1576, Bengal became part of the Mughal Empire, and
the majority of East Bengalis converted to
Islam. Bengal was ruled by British India from 1757 until Britain withdrew in 1947, and Pakistan was
founded out of the two predominantly Muslim regions of the Indian subcontinent.
For almost 25 years after independence from Britain,
it was a part of Pakistan
& known as East Pakistan . Although united
by religion (Islam), the people of East Pakistan were separated by culture,
physical features, and 1,000 miles of Indian Territory as well as different
language from the West Pakistan. Moreover the
East was being ruled by the West with inequality. These made the people of the
East to revolt, which led to a Liberation War in 1971. After shedding blood of
3 million people in nine months’ war, East Pakistan earned their independence
and today’s Bangladesh
The state language
and mother tongue is Bengali. English is widely spoken and understood. Hindi
and Urdu are also understood by general people. Now-a-days some people are
learning other languages like French, German, Spanish, Japanese, Chinese etc.
for professional purpose.
estimates of Bangladesh’s
population range from 142 to 159 million, making it the 7th most populous
nation in the world. 85% population live in rural areas. Density of population
is about 900 per sq.km. There are about 2 million indigenous people of 23
tribes. They dwell mostly in Rangamati, Khagrachhari, Bandarban and in part of
Northern districts. The tribes have exotic distinct cultures of their own.
Although known as a
Muslim country, Bangladesh
is a land of religious freedom, harmony and tolerance. People of all castes and
creeds live here in perfect harmony. There are 86.6% of Muslims with 12.1%
Hindus, 0.6 % Buddhists, 0.4% Christians and 0.3% of other religious people.
the People's Republic of Bangladesh,
is a parliamentary democracy. The members of the parliament are elected by
direct votes from the citizens. Currently the parliament has 345 members
including 45 reserved seats for women, elected from single-member constituencies.
The Prime Minister, as the head of Government, forms the cabinet and runs the
day-to-day affairs of state. While the Prime Minister is formally appointed by
the President, he or she must be an MP who commands the confidence of the
majority of parliament. The President is the head of state, a largely
ceremonial post elected by the parliament.
domestic and international efforts to improve economic and demographic
remains a developing nation. Its per capita income in 2006 was US00 compared
to the world average of ,200. Bangladesh is mainly an
agricultural country with some three-fifths of the population engaged in
farming. Jute was once the economic engine of the country. Presently Tea, Garments
and Manpower are the principal sources of foreign exchange.
Bangladesh, with a
land area of 144,000 square kilometers, is located between 20034' 26038'
north latitude, 88001' and 92041' east longitude. The
country is in the low-lying Ganges–Brahmaputra River Delta. This delta is
formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra
and Meghan rivers and their respective tributaries. The Bay
of Bengal flows at the south end of the country. The climate is
tropical with a mild winter from October to March, a hot, humid summer from
March to June. A warm and humid monsoon season lasts from June to October and
supplies most of the country's rainfall.
A major part of the
coastline comprises a marshy jungle, the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove
forest in the world and home to diverse flora and fauna, including the Royal
Bangladesh as a
holiday making land exposes too many flamboyant facets. Its tourist attractions
are many folded, which include archaeological sites, historical mosques and
monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests and tribal people, wildlife
of various species. Bangladesh
offers ample opportunities to tourists for angling, water skiing, river
cruising, hiking, rowing, yachting, sea bathing as well as bringing one in
close touch with pristine nature. Bangladesh has three World Heritage
Site marked by UNESCO, one of which is the Sundarbans. It is the largest Mangrove Forest in the world, which is proudly
competing in the running 7 Wonders of Nature. The country also has Paharpur
that is the Single largest Buddhist monument
of South Himalayas, Cox’s
Bazar – the single largest unbroken sea beach in the world, Mahastangar, Putia
Temple City, and many more.